What is the concept of a smart city?

Smart cities are cities of tomorrow promising efficient and sustainable living through the use of digital technology. The long-term vision of smart city solutions is, building ecological spaces, planned, articulated as well as technologically compliant solutions aided by information technology in the pursuit of improved efficiency.

Smart City, as a concept in India, under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi holds a much broader scope. The vision is to build smart cities to attract investments, business-oriented cities, as well as developing smart city technology to enhance communication.

Under the mission of Digital India, the Prime Minister plans to build 100 smart cities across India. The plan is to emerge India a leader in building digitally sustainable ecosystems that reinforce prime facilities like health, banking, and education.

What are some revolutionary ideas in making a city “smart”?

Smart City Ideas means development solutions and practices that are aimed at creating an overall development. The need of a smart city is to be able to fulfil –

  • Easy access transport facility
  • Mixed land parcel promotions
  • Creating open and recreational zones
  • Enhancing promising housing opportunities
  • Sustainable development
  • Inclusive involvement of and integration of neighboring areas.

 

 

What are the features of a smart city?

What is the smart city project?

Smart city solution is a mission about using technology for smart outcomes like –

  • E-Governance and citizen services: Smart solutions towards public information and grievance, citizen involvement; video surveillance for crime monitoring, informed and vigil citizens, etc.
  • Waste Management: managing the waste by processing it to energy, fuel, compost, as well as treatment and recycling of wastewater.
  • Water Management: including checks with smart meters for monitoring and management; spill and leakage checks as well as water quality monitoring.
  • Energy Management: including checks with smart meters and management; creating a renewable source of energy and green buildings.
  • Urban Mobility: Creating an infrastructure for intelligent traffic management; smart parking and integrated multi-modal transport.
  • Others: Telemedicine; Incubation/trade facilitation centres; skill development centres.

 

How can we best use IoT for smart cities?

What is IoT in smart cities? Which component of IoT is the most popular nowadays?

What kind of smart city technologies do we see today?

  1. 1. Smart Infrastructure
  • Building cities with proper planning by integrating digital technologies, ensuring efficient and sustainable urban infrastructure.
  • Reducing Co2 emission by switching to electric as well as self-propelled cars.
  • Crafting environmentally friendly and energy-efficient infrastructure.
  • Smart lighting using touch and proximity sensors to save on electrical power.

 

  1. The City Air Management Tool (CyAM)
  • The City Air Management Tool developed by Siemens monitor’s and captures the real-time data of pollution as well as forecasts emissions.
  • Emission forecasts are as accurate as 90% for the upcoming three to five days.
  • Prediction of air pollution, as well as estimates by the intelligent use of technology, is unique.
  • This system works on an algorithm controlled by an artificial neural network.
  • The CyAM is a cloud-based software system and comes with a dashboard and real-time display of the air quality across the city for the current date and the next three to five days.
  • 17 parameters can be simulated for extracting information for the next three-five days.
  • This can help classify new environmental zones that are low-emission ones, required speed ​​limits or free public transport.
  • CyAM is Siemens’ cloud-based, open operating system for the Internet of Things (IoT) and is based on Mind Sphere

 

  1. Traffic Management
  • The challenge in large smart cities is to control traffic.
  • As one of the busiest cities in the world, Los Angeles has implemented an Intelligent Transport Solution for easing traffic and control measures.
  • The intelligent pavement integrated sensors update the central traffic management platform on a real-time basis about the traffic updates. The information from the central office is analysed and sent back and automatically adjusts the traffic lights within seconds.
  • The system also makes use of historical data to prevent traffic without any human interference.
  1. Smart Parking
  • Intelligent parking solutions identify vacant spaces and record when a vehicle has left the parking area. The smart parking solutions come as a time saving instrument.
  • A driver looking for parking space is informed through a smartphone, through sensors in the ground that detect a free parking space.
  • Proper and well-articulated parking management, that informs waiting for cars and aligns spaces available.
  • A mid-size smart city can adapt to Smart City Parking solutions as they are less complicated infrastructure and does not require a high investment.
  1. Smart Waste Management

Waste management solutions is a smart city solution again and directed towards optimising the efficiency of waste collection by bringing down operational costs. It also highlights and educates on the environmental issues due to inefficient waste.

The smart waste bins have sensors that notify the waste collection truck drivers through smartphones on a full bin. This ensures there are trips to collect only full bins, thus saving energy and time.

 

What are the ten smart city ideas that make a smart city?
  1. Adequate water supply
  2. Uninterrupted electricity supply
  3. Sanitation, and solid waste management
  4. Advanced urban mobility and public transport
  5. Affordable housing
  6. Strong IT connectivity
  7. Good governance over smart solutions
  8. Energy-efficient buildings
  9. Electronic service delivery

 

What are some interesting ideas that can be implemented in smart cities, or which is related to IoT? (Embedded)

 Traffic management

  • Traffic management with the aid of smart technology can improve public infrastructure, transit, and safety.
  • Sensors tracking data about traffic flow patterns, road blockages, roadwork and other conditions can be fitted on roads for better inputs.

Parking

  • You can now save much time, effort, and resources with smart city parking solutions. Therefore, bringing down traffic congestions and easy allotment of parking spaces.
  • The sensors fit in the ground in the parking lots can give a signal of a vehicle moving out and thus free parking slot available. The IoT sensors send the data to a cloud-based parking platform that transmits this data to the real-time parking map of the city.
  • Drivers can use an app on their smartphones to access these maps, checking the nearby parking slots available. Thus, saving time and resources and cutting down traffic too.
  • This smart parking system also warns of any illegal parking to the law officers.

 

Planning for a future with fewer cars

Smart cities also encompass traffic management through share rides.

Companies like Uber and Lyft have brought share ride technologies that would considerably curtail the need for parking. At Sidewalk Labs, the shuttered quayside, Easter waterfront, planned to develop in Toronto, can transition from stacked parking into other things to increase utility. Once shared and individual vehicles have lesser use of parking spaces, these spaces would also include green zones and shopping centres.

Micro mobility

With the increasing population, there is stress on the existing transport systems like cars, buses, and trains. According to the 2019 INRIX National Traffic Scorecard, Americans on average have lost 99 hours a year due to traffic congestion. In 2019, the traffic has amounted to around $88B or $1400 per driver on average.

There are a lot of technology start-ups that are developing transportation sharing platforms for electric bikes and scooters. These would relieve congestion, and in turn, help connect people to public transport systems for longer trips.

Fleet management

Smart city solutions leverage technology systems towards transportation companies and fleet operators who can effectively monitor their vehicles in real-time. This would help optimize their routes, bring down fuel costs, as well as lower emissions.

The data collected from fleet management companies can be utilised for better planning and traffic management by accurate predictions. This could also eventually lead to the development of truck-only lanes.